The latest annual midyear population estimates for Trinidad and Tobago. The mid-year (30 June) estimates of population are based on results from the latest Census of Population

15-64 years


15-64 years


0-14 years


0-14 years


65+ years


as at 30th June, 2023

Age GroupTotalMaleFemale
0 – 14281,546143,318138,228
15 – 64963,400486,720476,681
All Age groups1,367,510686,119681,391

Mid-Year Population Estimates

The mid-year population is an estimate of the country’s population as at the 30th June of any given year.

Keywords: male population, female population, census, population estimates, migration, community

Census population counts

The total (de jure) population of Trinidad and Tobago based on the 2011 Population and Housing Census was 1,328,019. This population referred to all persons whose usual residence at the time was Trinidad and Tobago and did not include visitors to the country.

 2011 Population and Housing Census Demographic Report 

Included in the count:

  • Household or Non-institutional population usually resident in the country and were present on Census Night 12:00am on the 9th January, 2011.
  • Household or Non-institutional population usually resident in the country who were abroad for less than six (6) months on Census Night.
  • Population in Institutions and in Workers Camps
  • Street Dwellers.
  • T&T Students studying abroad.

Excluded from the count:

  • Foreign students studying in Trinidad and Tobago
  • Foreign diplomats residing in Trinidad and Tobago

Sex Ratio

The sex ratio gives the proportion of males to females in a population. It is the proportional distribution of the sexes in a population aggregate, expressed as the number of males per 100 females.

Total (age) Dependency ratio

The dependency ratio is a measure of the number of dependents aged 0 to 14 and over the age of 65, compared with the total population age 15 – 64.

Source: Central Statistical Office, Mid-Year Population Estimates 2021

Ageing Index

The Aging Index refers to the number of elders per 100 persons younger than 15 years old in the population. Generally, this index increases as population ages.

Youth Dependency Ratio or young-age dependency ratio

The ratio of younger dependents – people younger than 15 – to the working-age population – those ages 15-64.

Comparison of Total Population, 2011 and 2000: Trinidad and Tobago

Population 2011 2000 Change (%)
Non institutional – persons found in private dwellings 1,322,546 1,250,652 5.7
Institutions and Workers Camps - usual residents 4,939 11,714 -57.8
Street Dwellers 534 471 13.4
Total  1,328,019 1,262,366 5.2
Source: Population and Housing Census, 2011

Community Register

The Community Register provides information on the Population by sex, number of buildings, dwelling units, households, business places and institutions by Enumeration District and Community. The data are provided by City, Borough, and Regional Corporations for Trinidad and by Parishes for Tobago.

By following this button link👇,you can browse data organised by enumeration districts (EDs) and communities.

Unit Definitions


A room or group of rooms with a separate entrance not accessed through someone else’s living quarters.


Consists of one or more persons living together (sleeping most nights of the week) and sharing at least one of the main daily meals. Members are not necessarily related.

Collective Dwellings

Structurally separate and independent places of abode intended for habitation by large groups of households or several households and are occupied at the time of the census. This includes hotels, lodging houses, institutions, ships in harbor, and camps.

Census Maps

Demographic Profiles of Municipalities and Communities

These crosstabulations on the non-institutional population were generated from the 2011 Population and Housing Census Database. For each municipality one file is on Individuals and the other is on Households and includes data on all the official communities within the municipality. The data is further broken down by sex and almost all census variables are included.

Household Stock and Intercensal Growth

For statistical purposes, a household has a special meaning. It is defined as a group of persons who usually eat together and share common living arrangements. It is important to note a member of the household is not necessarily a relative of the main family. For example, a boarder or a domestic employee who sleeps in most nights of the week and shares at least one of the daily meals is also included as a member of the household. The 2011 census revealed that 1,322,546 persons lived in 401,382 private households as compared to the 2000 census which showed that 1,250,652 persons lived in 343,180 private households. The remaining 5,473 persons in the total population lived in institutions or were street dwellers. The total number of households increased 17% over the intercensal period. (2011 Population and Housing Census Demographic Report)

Urban vs Rural

Urban Rural Classification


An emigrant is defined as a person who leaves one country to take up residence in another. In Trinidad and Tobago, there were 15,455 persons who migrated to other countries during the period 2000-2011. Migration is one of the components of population change and has been notoriously difficult to measure accurately. The 2011 census attempted to account for migration during the period since the 2000 census by asking household heads about migratory movements of former household members. However, in cases where entire households migrated, no data were obtained about migration.

Number of Persons leaving T&T to live abroad during the period 2000 to 2011

Population growth rates in Trinidad and Tobago

Trends and Growth Rates in Total Population, 1851-2011

Census Year Duration of the intercensal period (in years) Trinidad & Tobago Population Intercensal Change (Absolute) Intercensal Change (%) Population Growth Rate per Annum (%)
1851 na 82978 na na na
1861 10 99848 16870 20.3 1.9
1871 10 126692 26844 26.9 2.4
1881 10 171179 44487 35.1 3.0
1891 10 218381 47202 27.6 2.4
1901 10 273899 55518 25.4 2.3
1911 9.9 333552 59653 21.8 2.0
1921 10.1 365913 32361 9.7 0.9
1931 10 412783 46870 12.8 1.2
1946 15 563222 150439 36.4 2.1
1960 14 834350 271128 48.1 2.8
1970 10 945210 110860 13.3 1.2
1980 10.1 1079791 134581 14.2 1.3
1990 10 1213733 133942 12.4 1.2
2000 10.1 1262366 48633 4.0 0.4
2011 10.6 1328019 65653 5.2 0.5
Source:Central Statistical Office
na = not applicable

Census data

The census is the complete enumeration of the population of Trinidad and Tobago and is generally conducted every 10 years. The data provided by this study illustrates a detailed portrait of T&T and its people including their social, demographic and economic characteristics.

Follow the links 🔗 below to explore a wide range of data and geographic information according to census topics.

Keywords: Trinidad and Tobago population,males, females, census, migration, people, community, area, household, housing, demographics, maps, statistics

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